Owning or renting a UTV like a Polaris RZR or a Can-am Maverick X3, is not a small responsibility. So it is essential to know as much as you can about your machine, inside and out, in order for your engine to last as long as possible. And for safety reasons! The more you know the more you decrease the chances of you getting hurt in some way. For those of you who own or are thinking of owning an off-road vehicle, we believe that you’ll find the following information about this UTV transmission very helpful.
There are many different types of transmissions that can be found in various makes and models of off-road vehicles throughout the market. However, the most common found in a Polaris RZR or a Can-am Maverick X3 is called the CVT transmission. CVT stands for continuously variable transmission. It is widely accepted that if you consider only the belt-driven transmissions available, this one is likely to win the prize of most durable. It has been copied by many other companies over the years. You will have to take a peek inside the gearbox to understand what makes it tick fully.
The CVT transmission also has some other common nicknames that are widely used. Some of those include step-less transmission, single-speed transmission, twist-and-go (mainly used in reference to motorcycles), and a pulley transmission. This UTV transmission is automatic and has many capabilities! Including one that allows it to rotate through gear ratios uninterrupted smoothly. Because it has a belt-driven system, which means that two big pulleys are involved. One lift is referred to as the drive, the other as the driven. In this belt-driven system, there is also a component called the ACC, or Automatic Centrifugal clutch. The ACC is in charge of allowing the pulleys and the belt to engage with the transmission gearbox.
At the increase of RPMs, the ACC weights begin communicating with the steel-made internal clutch housing, which is found behind the drive pulley. The belt does not slip due to the belt being held in perpetual tension through the process just described. The drive pulley then turns the belt at the same time as the motor spools up when the ACC engages it. A resulting spinning motion by the driven pulley starts the movement. The drive pulley spreads apart as the driver applies additional pressure on the gas pedal. The heavyweights found on the inside cause this to occur. The driven pulley comes together, and the drive pulley pulls apart, which together causes a speed increase. Varying the nature of the gearing of either one of the pulleys will adjust the engagement.
If you would like to learn more about your side-by-side transmission, give us a call at UTV Orange County, we are happy to answer all of your questions to ensure that you are always operating safely!